Erfurt (map) is a historic city in the central German state of Thuringia. Located about 300km southwest of Berlin, Erfurt is famed for having one of the best preserved medieval city centres in Germany. If you’ve been following me for some time, you’ll know how much I love medieval towns (such as these in Costa Brava or Bergamo in Italy), and Erfurt is a stunning example! I visited the city as part of a tour exploring Bauhaus sites in Germany, and was really bummed that we were only spending a night there. The sun was setting when we arrived so I quickly dropped my bag in the hotel room and joined a walking tour around Erfurt. Scroll down to see my photos taken during my evening stroll of medieval Erfurt.
From Anger, we made our way to the medieval centre of Erfurt. Our first stop, the Krämerbrücke (Merchants Bridge), was both fascinating and charming. The Merchants Bridge, a medieval arch bridge, spans the Breitstrom, a branch of the Gera River. Built in the 14th century, the bridge features a cobblestone street lined with gorgeous half-timbered dwellings. If you didn’t see the bridge from the banks of the river and simply strolled down the cobblestone street, you would have no idea that you were crossing a bridge!
The buildings on the bridge are home to various shops and houses, some of which have been inhabited for more than 500 years! That makes the Krämerbrücke one of the very few bridges in the world that is still inhabited!
From there, we made our way down to the Fischmarkt (Fish Market), a long square lined by beautiful buildings including the Rathaus (City Hall).
We soon arrived at the centre of medieval Erfurt, and arguably the most impressive square in the city: the Domplatz or Cathedral Square.
The square is home to St. Mary’s Cathedral, the oldest and largest church building in Erfurt. A church existed on this site in the 8th century but the present Gothic-style Cathedral with its Romanesque towers stems from the 14th century. Martin Luther was ordained here in 1507. The Maria Gloriosa bell (from 1497) that hangs in the central spire is the biggest medieval bell in the world and still rings till this day!
Next to the Cathedral, separated by an imposing staircase, is the St. Severus Church, with its equally-impressive spires.
After that evening stroll around the centre of medieval Erfurt, I promised myself that I would return soon! First of all, I want to see the city in daylight! And secondly, my research has revealed a city full of historic and cultural attractions. If you’re a fan of charming medieval towns and Art Nouveau architecture, add Erfurt to your list!
Read more Velvet Escape posts on Germany. A selection:
- Christmas markets in Dresden
- Street art in Germany
- A weekend in Berlin
- The treasures of Passau
- History and wine in Rheingau
- Things to do in Hamburg
- What to see in Dornburg
- The world’s oldest monastic brewery
Note: my trip to Germany was made possible by the German National Tourist Board. As always, all opinions expressed above are mine, and mine only.